Ecclesiasticus


Ecclesiasticus
Although about two-thirds of this book in the original Hebrew have been discovered (e.g. among the Dead Sea scrolls) it has long been known in the Greek translation made in Egypt soon after 132 BCE by the author's grandson, who was anxious in case traditional Jewish learning, piety, and discipline might be lost amongst the large Jewish immigrant population. The book was first composed in Jerusalem about 190 BCE by Jesus ben Sirach, a great traveller (34:12). It is often referred to simply as ‘Sirach’. ‘Ecclesiasticus’ is Latin and is a late title given to it possibly because it was often read in Christian churches, where it formed part of the LXX; canonical status in the Hebrew Bible was never attained though it was quite widely read.
Ecclesiasticus contains a variety of proverbs and aphorisms and advice for young men on all manner of subjects in daily life with a bias in favour of intellectual as against manual work. It shares the contemporary attitude to women of an androcentric society (25:16–26) and its misogyny (42:14–15): the wickedness of a man is preferred above the goodness of a woman. Perhaps this is due to a horror that a father would be disgraced by his daughters' public shame. There are also hymns and doctrine, as in 33:7–15, about the co-existence of both good and evil, and a call for personal repentance (17:25–32). Wisdom [[➝ wisdom]] is extolled as in the books of Proverbs and the Wisdom of Solomon, which thus puts Ecclesiasticus in the same literary wisdom category; but it is a wisdom located in the Torah (Law) and found in the Temple at Jerusalem (Ecclus.=Sir. 24:10). Whereas the book of Wisdom has a strong belief in immortality (3:4), it is clear that ben Sirach has no hope except for a dismal survival in sheol beyond the presence of God (17:27–8). The Greek translator tried to insert a more hopeful expectation (19:19, NRSV marg.).

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Ecclesiasticus — [e klē΄zē as′ti kəs, iklē΄zē as′ti kəs] n. [LL(Ec), short for ecclesiasticus liber, lit., the church book (see ECCLESIASTIC): from its frequent use for catechetical teaching] a book of proverbs in the Old Testament Apocrypha and the Douay Bible:… …   English World dictionary

  • Ecclesiasticus — Ec*cle si*as ti*cus, n. [L.] A book of the Apocrypha. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ecclesiastĭcus — Ecclesiastĭcus, 1) jeder Geistliche; bes. 2) die Chorherren, Pfarrer, Capläne u. alle Weltgeistlichen, die außerhalb der Klöster u. von Kirchengütern leben; 3) in der Vulgata der Name des Buches Sirach …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ecclesiasticus — • The longest of the deuterocanonical books of the Bible, and the last of the Sapiential writings in the Vulgate of the Old Testament Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • ECCLESIASTICUS — liber apocryphus; qui licet varia salubria monita complectatur, proin πανάρετος Graecis dictus, ertorem tamen Iudaicum errat, c. 48. v. 10. de Eliae Thisbitae reditu; contradicit iis, quae de Sapientia personali et aeterna, in Proverbiis dicuntur …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Ecclesiasticus — Das Buch Jesus Sirach (Ben Sira, Siracides, Sophia Seirach oder Ecclesiasticus, abgekürzt Sir, auch fälschlich Ben Sirach durch Vermischung von Ben Sira und Jesus Sirach) ist ein Buch der Weisheitsliteratur, das ungefähr 180 v. Chr. von dem in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ecclesiasticus — noun Etymology: Late Latin, from ecclesiasticus Date: 1533 a didactic book included in the Protestant Apocrypha and as Sirach in the Roman Catholic canon of the Old Testament …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Ecclesiasticus — /i klee zee as ti keuhs/, n. a book of the Apocrypha. Also called Wisdom of Jesus. Abbr.: Ecclus. * * * ▪ biblical literature also called the  Wisdom of Jesus the Son of Sirach        deuterocanonical biblical work (accepted in the Roman Catholic …   Universalium

  • ecclesiasticus —    (cursus e.) cursus ecclesiasticus …   Dizionario di retorica par stefano arduini & matteo damiani

  • Ecclesiasticus — noun A book in the Old Testament and Apocrypha of the Bible. Sometimes abbreviated as Ecclus. Syn: Ben Sira, Sirach, Wisdom of Jesus son of Sirach …   Wiktionary


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